An election brings a variety of essential issues and voting pieces to the table. Here are the seats that may be up for election and what power these positions hold:
House of Representatives: Serves two year terms. Responsibilities include introducing bills and resolutions, offer amendments, and serve on committees
Senate: Serves six year terms with two-thirds of senate elected every two years. Responsibilities include writing and passing laws, ratifying treaties, and confirming or rejecting the President's nominees for judgeships
TX House of Representatives: Represent various smaller districts with the power to introduce taxing legislation
TX Senate: Represent various larger districts and have the power to confirm the Governor's appointments
State Board of Education: Setting curriculum standards, reviewing and adopting instructional materials, and establishing graduation requirements
Governor: Highest ranking political leader in the state who is responsible for implementing state laws
Lieutenant Governor: Presiding officer over the Texas Senate and leads the Legislative Budget Board
Attorney General: Chief legal advisor and Chief law enforcement officer who sets law enforcement priorities for the state
Comptroller of Public Accounts: A state's bookkeeper, fiscal organizer, and Chief financial officer
Commissioner of Land: Manages mineral rights, state assets, and general land use as an advisor to the Governor
Commissioner of Agriculture: Leads agriculture industry standards for the state
Railroad Commissioner: Regulates the oil and gas industry, gas utilities, pipeline safety, safety in the liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) industry, and surface coal and uranium mining
County Commissioner: Controlling county property including the courthouse, hospitals, library, jail, and the equipment and facilities
District/County Attorney: Prosecuting attorney and represents the state in a criminal case.
Sheriff: Manages duties of countywide law enforcement through deputies.
Constable: Preserve the peace and perform judicial duties to serve writs, warrants, and bail pieces.
County Clerk: Acts as a recorder of all bonds, deeds, birth and death certificates, assumed names and livestock brands.
District Clerk: Indexes and secures all court records, collects filing fees, and handles funds held in litigation, coordinates the jury panel selection process.
County Treasurer: Receives and deposits all county revenues
Tax Assessor-Collector: Calculates and collect property tax rates for the county including cities and schools.
County Judge: Presiding officer of the Commissioners Court. Most have broad judicial duties. Serves as head of emergency management.
Justice of the Peace: Hears traffic, civil cases, landlord/tenant disputes, and truancy cases.
County Courts at Law: Held in a variety of courts that oversee topics including probate, criminal, criminal appeals, and civil court matters.
City Council: Member that governs a city or town
School Board: A typical school board meeting will include approving the school calendar, adopting curriculum, overseeing construction and approving contracts with outside vendors.
Mayor: Most powerful local elected office that chairs the City Council. Based upon your government system, your mayor may serve in a: Council-Manager System or a Mayor-Council system.
Questions? Visit 866 Our Vote through the Lawyer's Committee for Civil Rights Under Law at their website or call 1-866-OUR-VOTE (1-866-687-8683).