Nellie Gray Robertson (above left) is elected as the first woman county attorney in Texas. Elizabeth Howard West (above right) is named state librarian, becoming the first woman to lead a Texas state agency.
The Texas legislature ratifies the 19th amendment, making Texas the ninth state and first Southern state to approve women’s suffrage.
Miriam “Ma” Ferguson (left) was elected Governor of Texas in 1924, making Texas the second state to elect a woman governor. She later appointed Emma Meharg—the first woman to serve as Secretary of State for Texas.
Minnie Fisher Cunningham (right) is the first Texas women to run for the United States Senate but fails.
Norma Zúñiga Benavides wins a seat on the Laredo school board, possibly the first Latina in Texas elected to public office.
Hattie Mae White (left) is elected to a Houston area school board and becomes the first African American woman elected in Texas.
Lera Millard Thomas is the first Texas woman elected to the U.S. House of Representatives. She fills the seat of her deceased husband.
Dallas attorney Louise Raggio (left) spearheads the reform of property laws to benefit Texas women, leading to the passage of the Married Women's Property Rights Act. For the first time, women can buy and sell their own real property and securities.
Anita Martínez (right) becomes the first Hispanic woman elected to a city council in Texas when she earns a spot on the Dallas City Council.
Hailing from Houston, Gabrielle Kirk McDonald (above left) becomes the first African-American woman to serve as a federal judge in Texas and the third in the U.S. Then Kathlyn Gilliam (above right) becomes the first woman and first African-American elected to the Dallas ISD School Board.
Ann Richards (left) is elected as State Treasurer, the first woman to do so in Texas and the first woman to win statewide office in over fifty years. She will go on to be elected as Governor of Texas, one of only two women to ever do so.
Annette Strauss (right) is elected as Dallas’s first woman mayor.
Dallas district judge Carolyn Wright (left) is sworn in as the first African-American woman justice to serve on the Texas Fifth Court of Appeals.
Elizabeth "Betty" García Flores is elected mayor of Laredo in a special election, becoming the first Hispanic woman to head a major city in Texas.
When Annie Webb Blanton became the Superintendent of State Public Instruction, she became the first woman in Texas to win a statewide elective office.
Dallas attorney Edith Williams becomes the first woman elected to the Texas Legislature in the House of Representatives.
Margie Neal (right) becomes the first woman elected to the Texas Senate—serving as the only woman until 1946.
State representative Neveille Colson becomes a state senator and the first woman to serve in each chamber of the Texas Legislature.
Oveta Culp Hobby (left), a native Texan, becomes the first secretary of the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare as well as the first director of the Women’s Army Corps under President Eisenhower.
State District Judge Sarah T. Hughes (right) is appointed to the federal bench—becoming the first woman in Texas to serve in this role. Fun fact: Honorable Hughes swore in President L. B. Johnson following the assassination of JFK.
Barbara Jordan (above) becomes the first African-American woman elected to the Texas Legislature, after being elected to the Texas Senate, and the first African-American woman to be elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in a southern state.
Wilhelmina Delco (left) becomes the first African-American to be elected in Austin, Texas when she wins a seat on the local school board.
Lila Cockrell (right) of San Antonio becomes the first woman elected mayor of a large city in Texas.
Kathy Whitmire (above left) is elected as the first woman to serve as Mayor of Houston. Sandra Day O’Connor (above right), originally from El Paso, becomes the first woman to serve on the U.S. Supreme Court.
Ruby Kless Sondock (right) becomes the first woman justice to serve on the Texas Supreme Court after serving as a district judge in Houston.
Judith Zaffirini (left), representing Laredo, becomes the first Hispanic woman elected to the Texas Senate.
After serving in the Texas House of Representatives, Kay Bailey Hutchinson (right) is elected as State Treasurer—becoming the first Republican woman elected to statewide office in Texas. She would go on to win a special election for a U.S. Senate seat, becoming the first woman to do so in Texas.
Hilda Tagle, a former state district judge, is nominated by President Clinton to serve in the federal Southern District of Texas—becoming the first Hispanic woman to do so.
2000 & beyond